AskDefine | Define asthenic

Dictionary Definition

asthenic adj
1 lacking strength or vigor [syn: adynamic, debilitated, enervated]
2 having a slender physique

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Adjective

  1. Characterized by, or pertaining to, debility; weak; debilitating.

Extensive Definition

Asthenia (Greek: ασθένεια, lit. lack of strength but also disease) is a medical term denoting symptoms of physical weakness and loss of strength.

Causes of asthenia

A condition in which the body lacks or has lost strength either as a whole or in any of its parts. General asthenia occurs in many chronic wasting diseases, such as anemia and cancer, and is probably most marked in diseases of the adrenal gland. Asthenia may be limited to certain organs or systems of organs, as in asthenopia, characterized by ready fatiguability. Asthenia is also a side effect of Ritonavir(Protease Inhibitor used in HIV treatment) and fentanyl patches (an opioid used to treat pain). The condition is also commonly seen in patients suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome, sleep disorders or chronic disorders of the heart, lungs or kidneys. Differentiating between psychogenic asthenia and true asthenia with muscular weakness is often difficult, and in time apparent psychogenic asthenia accompanying many chronic disorders is seen to progress into a primary weakness.

Cultural references

"The Asthenic Syndrome", a film by Kira Muratova, is about a man or the whole society experiencing symptoms of asthenia.
Blink-182 (album) has a song called "Asthenia", (about an astronaut in a space capsule contemplating whether his return to earth will even make a difference)
asthenic in German: Asthenie
asthenic in Spanish: Astenia
asthenic in French: Asthénie
asthenic in Italian: Astenia
asthenic in Dutch: Asthenie
asthenic in Polish: Astenia
asthenic in Portuguese: Astenia
asthenic in Russian: Астения
asthenic in Swedish: Asteni
asthenic in Ukrainian: Астенія
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